Present Moradabad city was established as the head office of Chaupala Pargana during Emperor AKBAR ‘s regime. In 1624, Rustom Khan, the governor of Sambhal, captured it and set up a fort at this place and named it as Rustom Nagar. Later on it was named as MORADABAD after the name of SHAHJAHAN ‘s son MURAD BUX and this name still persists. Physical development of the city was started after the construction of JAMA MASJID by Rustom Khan in 1632. Moradabad is renowned for brass work and has carved a niche for itself in the handicraft industry through out the world. The modern, attractive, and artistic brass ware, jewelry and trophies made by skilled artisans are the main crafts. The attractive brass ware are exported to countries like USA, Britain, Canada, Germany and Middle East Asia. There are about 600 export units and 5000 industries in this district of Uttar Pradesh, INDIA. Moradabad exports goods worth Rs. 2200 Crores every year.
Recently other products like Iron Sheet Metalwares, Aluminium Artworks and Glassware's have also been included as per need of the foreign Buyers. Mentha is also exported in several crores from Moradabad. These products are very popular in foreign market and are being exported in thousand of crores every year. Due to increase of exports and popularity in foreign specially in Europe, America, Italy and other countries, a large No. of exporters are establishing their units and started their export. Out of the seven industrial corridors declared by the State Govt. in Industrial Policy 1999-2002, Moradabad is one of them.
Apart from brass, there are other handicraft industries in Moradabad.
Animal bone and Horn Industry, in this industry following items are prepared –
Jewelry made out of bones and horns. Kitchen ware Combs Wooden sticks etc.
For centuries Indian handicrafts have been distinguished for their great aesthetic and functional value. In ancient times, the shilpis conceptualized the intricate designs and patterns, which were crafted painfully into the temples and the objects associated with them. Apart from the temples, other handicraft items too have gained immense popularity.
Handicraft items that were patronized by the Mughal royalty show a remarkable refinement of workmanship. In these crafts the designs were very often influenced by the court paintings and miniature art derived from Persian or indigenous sources. These designs are evident in the Indian carpets, brocades, papier mache, stone inlay and so on.
Traditionally, the artists prepared the designs on paper which were subsequently executed by the craftsmen. The designs were assigned to different craftsmen according to their abilities and skill. Thus the designer or master craftsman visualized the complete design indicating the details of form, color distribution and proportion to be realized by various specialists.
The rules of iconography were written down in the ancients scriptures, namely the Shilpa Shastra. The master craftsman would first visualize the image in a particular representation, according to the rules of iconography laid down in the scriptures on stone craft, and prepare initially a model in wax or clay. This would later be cast by craftsmen, while the master craftsman executed the finer work. This combination of design ability and technical skills was a part of our craft tradition. There are however, many crafts where the craftsman both designs and executes the products himself.